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There is no doubt that science and technology have become a promising hope for humanity of prosperity, progress, and advancement, which is the result of the application of major scientific discoveries, and technology as a holistic concept as defined by André Lalande is a set of processes and procedures that are precisely defined, transferable and transferable and aimed at achieving some results that are considered beneficial.

Do we remember those services that technology provided to humans from ancient times to the modern era? But perhaps the most strange thing is that in the contemporary era it has become an unattended being who moves as he wants without anyone’s permission until the technology has become what watches us and we are not, so to speak, man-made his own mortality with his own hands, technology has become false rationality in the words of Herbert Marcuse. …


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To understand the differences in feminist movements it is useful to go back to the beginning of the 1960s and the new emergence of the concept of “women’s rights” as a topic of political debate in the United States. After the issuance of the constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote, which was not actually implemented until forty years later. There were two major events in the early sixties of the last century, thanks to which they ended the silence about this matter. The first was the publication of the book (The Feminine Mystique, in 1963 by Betty Friedman). The second event: the establishment of the Presidential Committee to discuss the status of women by order of US President “John Kennedy” in 1961. How did these two events affect? What are the demands that her children have in society? What are the differences between the liberal feminist movement and its counterparts in other movements? …


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Historical materialism is a philosophical doctrine concerned with studying social and human phenomena in the light of the principles of Marxism analysis in general, and the principles of materialism concerned with the phenomena of the universe and nature in particular. It draws from dialectical materialism its principles in the analysis of social phenomena and facts, as it relies primarily on the three categories: The fundamental principle is that quantitative accumulation processes lead to qualitative changes and that the contradiction between the components of things is the basis of their movement — and nothing in nature and social life carries in its components a degree of contradiction that results in a continuous conflict between them — and that the conflict between the components constantly leads to what is known as negation. …


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The state in all its forms is the result of an agreement concluded by any group to form a political entity (executive, legislative and judicial) that manages their lives and protects them from internal and external dangers, and guarantees their natural rights, by reformulating them into social rights. …


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When searching for the factors behind the nation’s backwardness and the retardation of its children in the path of civilization and the transition to the world of the era of modernity and enlightenment, the reason is colonialism, which played a major role in the factors behind the backwardness of this colonized man and his subjugation and the formation of his economic and political development. Not only intellectual, material and social, and the development of his emotions, but also played a very bad role in the fragmentation of many peoples on earth. …


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A state of emergency that the world is currently experiencing, due to the Coronavirus, did not depend on campaigns that raised the slogan “stay at home”, but rather extended to measures to impose curfews and prevent citizens from leaving their homes, after the high number of injuries and deaths, in Many countries, from east to west the globe, to be equal due to the deadly virus, the developed and underdeveloped countries of the world, especially after the disease stormed European countries with huge potential in the field of medicine, especially Italy, Spain, and others.

Although the international emergency imposed on the world at the present time has been closely associated with an issue that seems to be largely exceptional, it represents an urgent change in the scene of global democracy, especially since many countries of the developed world have long been drawn to the large area that was given to their citizens Of freedom, especially given the Chinese experience, which has long been described by the West as authoritarian and dictatorial, and failure to keep pace with modern democracy, with regard to the great success achieved in the fight against the Coronavirus. …


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Now more than ever, and even in the most revered states of the right to expression, controversy is present about the restrictions that must be put in place to avoid the harm of hate speech to society, especially after the extreme right came to power in Europe and the United States. The world is also rocked by a worrying wave of xenophobia, racism, and intolerance, including increased anti-Semitism, Muslim hatred and persecution of Christians. Social media and other forms of communication have come to exploit all platforms to spread intolerance and hatred. …


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In contrast to the hopes that have prevailed over the past few years about the evolution of democracy worldwide, it is noted that, after decades of historical gains, the world is witnessing a democratic setback under the rise and domination of authoritarian regimes, threatening emerging democracies and Establishing new democracies around the world.

The world witnessed democratic transformations. It started with the American and French revolutions, and then became 29 democracies in 1922, down to 12 with the rise of communism, fascism and Nazism. Then, at the end of the Second World War, when the liberation from colonialism of countries such as India and Sri Lanka was transferred to democracy, it receded with events such as military coups in Bolivia and Brazil in 1964, and Argentina in 1966. In 1974 Portugal launched a clove revolution that overthrew the dictatorship that continued For almost half a century, more than 90 countries have been transformed into democracy. By the end of the last century, almost 60% of the world’s independent countries had become democratic states. …


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Before addressing the relationship between bureaucracy and democracy, it is necessary to clarify both the concept of bureaucracy and democracy, For bureaucracy, the beginning of this definition was in the early 19th century, referring to a type of administration consisting of a chain of authority, each with a specific functional specialization, crowded with non-elected officials who followed specific and sometimes complex procedures.

This definition was of little relevance until Max Weber’s book, which was described in more detail, was published. …


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Do we live in freedom? I am trying to find a clear answer that explains what is going on around us and whether we can consider ourselves living freely. With universal laws and conventions that govern freedoms around the world, freedom in its general sense is that a person has the power, right, and disposition to speak and think as he wants without any restrictions or limits. Where man seeks his freedom in all walks of life, he seeks psychologically to face the consequences, fears, anxieties and difficulties, and religiously acquitted, and socially remove the power and impediments imposed by the surrounding society. He seeks philosophically to take away all that deprives him of his freedom, to make his decisions, to evaluate his choices, and to reject the authority of the strong over the weak who deprive him of his rights. Article 1 of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and promulgated by the General Assembly resolution on 10 December 1948, states that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. …

About

Ehab Badwi

Youth Representatives of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) and founder and CEO of the Syrian Youth Assembly SYA

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