The state in all its forms is the result of an agreement concluded by any group to form a political entity (executive, legislative and judicial) that manages their lives and protects them from internal and external dangers, and guarantees their natural rights, by reformulating them into social rights. This is…

To understand the differences in feminist movements it is useful to go back to the beginning of the 1960s and the new emergence of the concept of “women’s rights” as a topic of political debate in the United States. After the issuance of the constitutional amendment granting women the right…

Historical materialism is a philosophical doctrine concerned with studying social and human phenomena in the light of the principles of Marxism analysis in general, and the principles of materialism concerned with the phenomena of the universe and nature in particular. It draws from dialectical materialism its principles in the analysis…

When searching for the factors behind the nation’s backwardness and the retardation of its children in the path of civilization and the transition to the world of the era of modernity and enlightenment, the reason is colonialism, which played a major role in the factors behind the backwardness of this…

A state of emergency that the world is currently experiencing, due to the Coronavirus, did not depend on campaigns that raised the slogan “stay at home”, but rather extended to measures to impose curfews and prevent citizens from leaving their homes, after the high number of injuries and deaths, in…

Now more than ever, and even in the most revered states of the right to expression, controversy is present about the restrictions that must be put in place to avoid the harm of hate speech to society, especially after the extreme right came to power in Europe and the United…

In contrast to the hopes that have prevailed over the past few years about the evolution of democracy worldwide, it is noted that, after decades of historical gains, the world is witnessing a democratic setback under the rise and domination of authoritarian regimes, threatening emerging democracies and Establishing new democracies…

Before addressing the relationship between bureaucracy and democracy, it is necessary to clarify both the concept of bureaucracy and democracy, For bureaucracy, the beginning of this definition was in the early 19th century, referring to a type of administration consisting of a chain of authority, each with a specific functional…

Do we live in freedom? I am trying to find a clear answer that explains what is going on around us and whether we can consider ourselves living freely. With universal laws and conventions that govern freedoms around the world, freedom in its general sense is that a person has…

Ehab Badwi

Youth Representatives of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) and founder and CEO of the Syrian Youth Assembly SYA

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